Latest Update: December 27, 2014
Copyright © 2001-2014, Nick Anthony Fiorenza, All Rights Reserved
Solar image credit: SIDC, RWC Belgium,
World Data Center for the Sunspot Index,
Royal Observatory of Belgium, "May 2003 Image"
Related Article: Solar Cycles Cause Global Climate Change, not Humans.
In this section: Learn about:
Our current Solar Cycle #24 (2013-14) and declining solar activity.
How planetary cycles drive solar cycles and how solar cycles govern our solar system's climate.
Predictions for our next Solar Cycle #25 (starting in 2020, peaking in 2025) and why it is expected to be even smaller than this cycle (2013), which is the smallest since 1906, if it even happens at all.
The current transition from Solar Maxima into Solar Minima, propelling us into a period of Global Cooling, which is expected to produce a Mini Ice Age.
The dramatic 50% increase in the volume of Arctic Ice from 2012 to 2013.
Putting ill-founded Anthropogenic Global Warming Hysteria into Perspective. Longer term solar driven climatic changes swallow human's influences on climate.
Human Geoengineering using a plethora of Ionospheric Heaters (like HAARP) scattered around the globe and Stratospheric Aerosol Spraying to manipulate climate is well in process and is accelerating with insane repercussions.
Our last Solar Cycle #23, and about Solar Cycles in general.
Our changing interstellar environment; and about the effects of solar flares for humans and human consciousness, and how & man-made EMF severely interferes with biological development and function, and debilitates and antagonizes our emotional wellbeing.
"The current prediction for Sunspot Cycle 24 gives a smoothed sunspot number maximum of about 70 in late 2013. The smoothed sunspot number reached 75.4 in November 2013) so the official maximum will be at least this high. The smoothed sunspot number has been rising again towards this second peak over the last five months and has now surpassed the level of the first peak (66.9 in February 2012). Many cycles are double peaked but this is the first in which the second peak in sunspot number was larger than the first. We are currently over five years into Cycle 24. The current predicted and observed size makes this the smallest sunspot cycle since Cycle 14 which had a maximum of 64.2 in February of 1906...."
Latest Updates Here
NASA Solar Physics / Marshall Space Flight Center
Declining Solar Cycles indicate the Sun is entering a Solar MInimum resulting in Global Cooling.
Image Credit: NOAA/Space Weather Prediction Center
Graph: NOAA, Boulder, Colorado, USA
Jupiter-Saturn Solar Cycle Correspondences by Nick Anthony Fiorenza
NOAA's Sun Spot Graph is updated monthly on
A primary fact that many climatologists and environmentalists ignore is that planetary cycles drive Solar Cycles, which in turn governs Climatic Cycles. The Jupiter and Saturn cycles govern the solar cycles modulated by the longer cycles of the Gas Giants Uranus and Neptune. The Jupiter cycle is 11.86 years. The Sunspot cycle is 11-12 years. (The well-known 11-year Schwabe sunspot number cycle is constrained between the spring tidal period of Jupiter and Saturn, 9.93 year, and the tidal orbital period of Jupiter, 11.86 year. [Nicola Scafetta]) Also of consideration are the changing angular momentum, speeds and distances of these planets in their orbits.
The ~23-year Hale duplex cycle (two reverse polarity sunspot cycles) is approximately half the triple Jupiter-Saturn-Uranus synodic cycle, which varies from 42 to 45 years (synods occur in 1881, 1923, 1968, 2011, 2053, 2099).
The Earth-Moon system in turn recieves and moduates Solar activity via lunar cycles, Metonic cycles (18.6-year lunar node cycle) and Saros eclipse cycles, which in turn modulate the breathing of Earth's core, and subsequently its surface, causing ocean tides, altering currents, El Niño/El Niña oscillations, etc. Ocean fluctuations drive air temperatures, weather and climate fluctuations. The Jupiter and Saturn cycles also drive the 60 year global temperature duplex cycle. (30 years warming trend / 30 year cooling trend).
*Theodor Landscheidt's work. http://landscheidt.wordpress.com/
Geoff Sharp June 2009, "Neptune & Uranus Control Grand Minima & Solar Modulation?"
PDF 2013 Publication, Geoff Sharp, "Are Uranus & Neptune Responsible for Solar Grand Minima and Solar Cycle Modulation?," International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2013, pp. 260-273.
Carl Smith & Geoff Sharp, "Beyond Landscheidt" http://www.landscheidt.info/
Nicola Scafetta, "Does the Sun work as a nuclear fusion amplifier of planetary tidal forcing?"
Solar Cycle 25 is expected to be the smallest in over 300 years, suggesting the end of the Modern Warm Period, plummeting Earth into a period of global cooling, which could be like the Mini Ice Age that occurred during the last grand minimum of solar activity, known as the Maunder Minimum.
Jupiter, Saturn and Pluto make their compounded synods in 2020, which marks the ending of the current Jupiter-Saturn, Jupiter-Pluto and Saturn Pluto cycles, and the start of the new cycles. This is a rare and major coincidence of events. Pluto's influence with Jupiter and Saturn creates an energetic the indicates an ending or extreme diminishment. 2020 is supposed to be the start of solar cycle #25, to peak in 2024. This planetary alignment also indicates that cycle #25 should be squelched. Saturn-Pluto also indicates the onset of a coolling period, which is synchronized with the timing of the Jupiter-Saturn governed solar cycle. We are already (2014) in the very end of the 34-year Saturn-Pluto cycle, which suggests the cooling is already beginning.
See: Jupiter-Saturn-Pluto cycles video
The Maunder Minimum is named after astronomer E.W. Maunder who discovered the absence of sunspots during that period. Recently published data suggests that the Sun expanded during the Maunder Minimum and its rotation slowed. A larger and slower Sun, it is speculated, might also mean a cooler Sun that provides less heat to Earth. This image was prepared by Robert A. Rohde.
Winter severity in Europe, 1000 - 1900. Note two cold periods in the 15th and 17th centuries. The coldest corresponds to the time of the Solar Maunder Minimum. Image from: H.H. Lamb, "Climatic Fluctuations", in H. Flohn (ed), World Survey of Climatology. Vol.2. General Climatology (New York: Elsevier, 1969), p. 236; Schneider, S. H., and C. Mass, "Volcanic dust, sunspots, and temperature trends", Science, 190 (1975) 741-746.
Livingston-Penn Solar Cycle 25 amplitude estimate.
Umbral Magnetic Field
Livingston and Penn
Tracking the decline in sunspot magnetic field (Umbral Magnetic Field), Livingston and Penn predict that sunspots will disappear when the umbral magnetic field strength falls below a certain level. This work has been updated by Dr. Leif Svalgaard.
Dr. Leif Svalgaard Research
Matthew J. Penn & William Livingston
National Solar Observatory (PDF)
NASA Long Range Solar Forecast – "Solar Cycle 25 peaking around 2024 could be one of the weakest in centuries."
***For many more links to articles about
a coming Ice Age, see:
Umbral Magnetic Field
Dr. Leif Svalgaard Update
From National Geographic:
"Three independent studies of the sun's insides, surface, and upper atmosphere all predict that the next solar cycle will be significantly delayed—if it happens at all. Normally, the next cycle would be expected to start roughly around 2020.
The combined data indicate that we may soon be headed into what's known as a grand minimum, a period of unusually low solar activity. This expected to be similar to the last grand minimum on record (1645 and 1715) known as the Maunder Minimum. This ~70-year period coincided with the "Little Ice Age."
Abstract from Vukcevic's paper: "To demonstrate a degree of correlation between periodicity in the solar activity and a multi-resonant system three examples are considered. Although only two base frequencies were employed a relatively close correlation was obtained for periodicity, amplitude's envelope and some well-known longer-term anomalies, by using a simple mathematical formula...."
Notice the projected Solar Minima (New Dalton).
Also see: "Evidence of a sub-cycle within the existing solar cycles"
Abstract: The Solar Current article considers a possible link between solar periodic activity and orbital properties of the major planets i.e. Jupiter and Saturn, which might be achieved via a feedback as a result of energy exchange between heliospheric current and planetary magnetospheres...."
The European Space Agency's CryoSat mission is dedicated to measuring the thickness of polar sea ice and monitoring changes in the ice sheets that blanket Greenland and Antarctica.
ESA's "CryoSat" measures the annual fluctuations in Arctic sea ice, not only the area of ice coverage but more importantly the volume of sea ice. Data from CryoSat shows a downward trend in sea ice occurring up until 2012, but with a dramatic increase starting in 2013 by about 50% compared to the same time in 2012. This does not necessarily indicate the trend for the future, but it is certainly interesting, and it corresponds with our exceptionally low 2013 solar cycle.
"One of the most dramatic signs of climate change has been seen in the extent of Arctic sea ice.
Sea ice typically covers up to 15 million square kilometres of the Arctic Ocean, and up to 19 million square kilometres of the Southern Ocean around Antarctica, during their respective winter seasons. This seasonal cycle of sea ice is one of the most dynamic components of the Earth's climate system.
Satellite records show a constant downward trend in the area covered by Arctic sea ice during all seasons, in particular in summer, with the minimum recorded occurring in the autumn of 2012.
In October 2013, however, CryoSat measured about 9000 cubic km of sea ice – a notable increase compared to 6000 cubic km in October 2012."
Dec 2014 Update: CryoSat reveals a small drop in sea ice volume compared to 2013.
“We must to take care when computing long-term trends as this CryoSat assessment is short when compared to other climate records,” said Prof. Andrew Shepherd from University College London and the University of Leeds. “For reliable predictions, we should try other approaches, like considering what is forcing the changes, incorporating the CryoSat data into predictive models based on solid physics, or simply waiting until more measurements have been collected.”
AUTUMN SEA-ICE THICKNESS FROM CRYOSAT 2010–2014
2013 Quote from: http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Observing_the_Earth/CryoSat/Sea_ice
2014 Quote and image from from:
C. de Jager, S. Duhau: Forecasting the parameters of sunspot cycle 24 and beyond.
Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, vol. 71 (2009), 239 – 245
Abstract. Solar variability is controlled by the internal dynamo which is a nonlinear system. We develop a physical-statistical method for forecasting solar activity that takes into account the non-linear character of the solar dynamo. The method is based on the generally accepted mechanisms of the dynamo and on recently found systematic properties of the long-term solar variability. The amplitude modulation of the Schwabe cycle in the dynamo’s magnetic field components can be decomposed in an invariant transition level and three types of oscillations around it. The regularities that we observe in the behaviour of these oscillations during the last millennium enable us to forecast solar activity. We find that the system is presently undergoing a transition from the recent Grand Maximum to another regime. This transition started in 2000 and it is expected to end around the maximum of cycle 24, foreseen for 2014, with a maximum sunspot number Rmax = 68 ± 17. At that time a period of lower solar activity will start. That period will be one of regular oscillations, as occurred between 1730 and 1923. The first of these oscillations may even turn out to be as strongly negative as around 1810, in which case a short Grand Minimum similar to the Dalton one might develop. This moderate to low-activity episode is expected to last for at least one Gleissberg cycle (60 - 100 years). Source.
This paper was written in 2009 and it predicted exactly what is occurring.
This annotated chart is derived from the Climate Chart of Christian Dietrich Schönwiese. German climatologist and Emeritus Professor at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt. It speaks for itself. The little bump toward the end of the Modern Warm Period = Global Warming Hysteria. Note that the Modern Warm Period is no greater than the Medieval Warm Period, and certainly less than the earlier peaks. Note the natural upward swing of temperature after the Glacial Period and the subsequent overall downward trend following (dotted line), not to mention the current transition from the Solar Max to Min, which should produce a period of global cooling. Clearly there ar greater cycles driving global temperature fluctuations.
Reference: Part 8: Dynamic Solar System - the actual effects of climate change. Future Development and the temperature fluctuations. EIKE - Europäisches Institut für Klima und Energie
http://www.eike-klima-energie.eu/klima-anzeige/teil-8-dynamisches-sonnensystem-die-tatsaechlichen-hintergruende-des-klimawandels/ (in German) English Translation Link.
A paper published January 2014 in "Global and Planetary Change" reconstructs temperatures in the Arctic circle over the past 1,600 years revealing that the Arctic was warmer during the Medieval Warm Period than it is presently, affirming there is nothing occuring out of the ordinary now. The paper also affirms that the Medieval Warm Period was global.
A Solar Filament on the Sun
Image & Caption Credit: Earth-orbiting TRACE satellite, NASA
"Hot gas frequently erupts from the Sun. One such eruption produced the glowing filament pictured above, which was captured in 2000 July by the Earth-orbiting TRACE satellite. The filament, although small compared to the overall size of the Sun, measures over 100,000 kilometers in height, so that the entire Earth could easily fit into its outstretched arms. Gas in the filament is funneled by the complex and changing magnetic field of the Sun. After lifting off from the Sun's surface, most of the filamentary gas will eventually fall back. More powerful solar eruptions emit particles that reach the Earth and can disrupt manmade satellites. The cause and nature of solar eruptions are the topic of much research."
* Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (ISAS/JAXA) & NASA
Solar cycles and their activity play an intimate part in the unfoldment of human consciousness. Solar flares affect the Central Nervous System (stomach lining), all brain activity (including equilibrium), all human and animal behavior and all psychophysiological (mental-emotional-physical) response.
Geomagnetic storms caused by Solar flares can cause some people to be nervous, anxious, worrisome, jittery, irritable, lethargic, to have short term memory loss, to feel nauseous, queasy, and have prolonged head pressure or head aches, although man-made electromagnetic signals are far more disruptive and the crux of such symptoms (briefly touched upon below). Solar flares can also cause trouble with the radio, phone, Internet, computers, and all forms of communication—both human and technological.
Solar activity can also be stimulating, invigorating, illuminating, and create a heightened sense of awareness, and it can enhance vision and creativity tremendously. It especially stimulates the pineal gland in the brain, which is our center of vision and creativity.
How a person experiences enhanced solar activity is also a function of the condition of their physical neurology. If a person is crystalized with mental, emotional and physical blockages, then increase solar activity may seem uncomfortable. It is like trying to get something to improve in vibrational resonance that has resistance to do so. If a person has a more refined neurological resonance, that is, for people that have done the inner work to clear mental, emotional and physical crystallizations, then enhanced solar activity can be enlivening and stimulate a heightened perceptual awareness.
Solar activity is essential for our evolutionary process by stimulating change and transformation in the organizational foundation of matter, energy and consciousness. Solar activity and other stellar explosions (supernovas) are one of many catalysts that can stimulate a renaissance in consciousness. They provide cosmic impulses that support the evolutionary maturation of the incarnate soul—the illumination of consciousness that we all seek.
Those familiar with my work know that my focus is to facilitate conscious awakening and optimal health. However, being naive to that which blocks, alters and manipulates this process is not at all in one's best interest. Although there are conspiracy-theories, miss-information and tremendous fear surrounding these topics, the following short section is a mere introduction into understanding the underlying reality about these topics.
Radio frequency Antennas & Towers Across the U.S. Map used with permission: Michael R. Meuser.
HAARP's 360 radio transmitters drive 180 antennas in a 14 hectare area near Gakona, Alaska. This is one of at least 24 ionospheric heaters scattered around the world. (E. KENNEDY/NAVAL RES. LAB.)
Man-made EMF frequencies, from extremely low frequencies (ELF) to radio and microwave frequencies, caused by HAARP-like ionospheric heating, powergrids, cell phones, cell-phone microwave towers, satellite transmission, wireless computer devices, TVs, etc.), severely disrupt the ability to be receptive to solar stimulus and other natural resonances responsible for our conscious evolution and optimal health, such as natural Earth resonances (Schumann resonances, etc.) and other planetary resonances and their cycles (also see Planetary Harmonics). This is due to quantum-biochemical FACT that intercellular and genetic communication occurs via light (electrons and photons), which is easily disrupted and distorted by external man-made EMF fields. Quantum intercellular communication is a precise timing process with signals traveling throughout our entire neurologic system in mere nanoseconds. Alteration and manipulation of this process is devastating to our well being as to the formation and health of new biological life, resulting in a plethora of problems, mental, emotional, and physical.
Earth's natural magnetic field resonances are the reference for our brains' master clock, which is called the suprachiasmic nuclei (SCN). These are two tiny one-square millimeter areas of the brain comprised of about 20,000 neurons that lie at the base of the left and right hypothalamus and just above the crossing of the optic nerves. This master timepiece keeps all of our biological electrical activity, molecular timing and gene expression coherent and breathing in harmony with Earth's natural resonances.
This is why it is essential to live in ways that are attuned to Earth, free from entraining man-made electromagnetic pollution that disrupts Earth's natural resonances and the timing signals that govern every aspect of our biological existence—from health to optimal performance to behavior. Unfortunately, it is nearly impossible in today's world to find any location on Earth free of some type of man-made EMF interference. Man-made electromagnetic radiation can cause everything from brain cell DNA damage to sever alterations in health, mood, emotional stability and behavior.
HAARP - Source: AFRL/ONR
HAARP is a 3.6 megawatt phased-array radar that emits EMF signals that bounce off the ionosphere around the globe. These powerful signals are partially absorbed between 100 to 350 kilometers in altitude, accelerating electrons that HEAT the ionosphere, not only effecting climate and oceanic currents, but also creating tremendous disruptions to all life processes. HAARP is the most powerful ionospheric heater in the world.
Most of the organizations with this type of technology openly state the objectives of their projects and missions are strictly about Ionoshperic or Geospheric Research to create a Sustainable Humanosphere.
HAARP Introduction from the United States Naval Research Laboratory. Information Technology Division:
"Electromagnetic waves in certain frequency ranges are absorbed or refracted by the ionosphere, an electrically conductive region of the upper atmosphere beginning at an altitude of approximately 80 km. Radio waves of sufficient energy density are capable of temporarily modifying its electrical and physical properties within a small volume, enabling a new type of interactive research having application to a variety of Navy and DOD missions. The High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program, jointly sponsored by the Office of Naval Research, the Air Force Research Laboratory, and DARPA, is constructing a new interactive ionospheric research facility in Gakona, Alaska, to conduct both basic and applied research in this scientific discipline. We present a description of the major components of the HAARP Gakona Facility including technical detail of its current and planned performance capabilities. We also present some results from three research areas: extremely low and very low frequencies (ELF/VLF) generation, artificial optical emissions, and space research." (Link below)
The Shigaraki center in Japan states: "The Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere. (RISH)...proposes its primary purposes as to assess and evaluate the current and future conditions of Humanosphere as well as to provide solutions to the problems which this Humanosphere is facing." (Link below)
Ionospheric radar can also be used in an active way as well as diagnostic (remote viewing). Ionospheric radar facilities can also modify global weather. One way this is accomplished is by altering the jet stream, which in turn steers weather patterns and storm fronts to ether disperse or accentuate them—for any variety of objectives. One objective, so it is reported, is to create an atmospheric shield to reflect the Sun in an effort to slow the so called global warming problem. Another is controlling agriculture, and yet another is weather warfare. Whether or not all of these centers are directed by people and organizations that are truly seeking ways to help humanity or by those with militaristic or scientific manipulative intent is questionable. Either way, the extremely powerful microwave frequencies pumped into the ionospheric cavity, and the ELF (extremely low frequencies) also employed, are undeniably devastating not only to natural Earth resonances, but also to all life on Earth.
Stratospheric aerosol geoengineering is a primary part of this process. This includes spraying millions of tons of metal nano-sized particulates into the atmosphere from jet aircraft. The atmosphere suspends these tiny particles in an attempt to block sunlight. However, it also increases atmospheric reflectivity, which in turn greatly enhances the effectiveness of frequency transmitter facilities like HAARP. These toxic particles also block sunlight to plants which can be devasating to agriculture. Metal nano-sized particulates, such as nano-aluminum, are but one of several toxic chemicals used and proposed in stratospheric aerosol geoengineering in an attempt counteract CO2-caused global warming.
From the 2007 United Nations hearing on Global Warming: Rosalind Peterson, president and Co-Founder of the Agriculture Defense Coalition (ADC), and an X-employee of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), stated:
“One of the things that’s affected by climate change is agriculture, but some of what we are seeing is man made, but man made in a different way than what you may guess. Weather modification programs, experimental ones done by private companies, the US government, are underway and there are more than 50 operations underway across the United States. All of these impact agriculture because they change the micro-climates needed for agriculture to survive. None of these programs are done with oversight. International corporations are modifying our weather all the time, and modifying it in ways that cover thousands and thousands of square miles. Most of it is chemically altered, so what happens is that we are putting ground based chemicals that are shot into the air that change and modify our weather.” (Source)
If the Anthropogenic Global Warming proponents would open their myopic view to see beyond the tiny peak occurring in the Modern Warm Period (shown in the above climate graph) in the context of longer climatic changes, which dwarf it, look at the facts of a solar-driven climate and the well-documented facts about the current transition from the previous Solar Maxima into the ensuing Solar Minima, and get off the runaway Global Warming Band Wagon of the early 2000s, perhaps there would be hope for the flowers—for all life on Earth.
Why would stratospheric aerosol geoengineering be used to block sunlight to address Global Warming, as they claim is its purpose, when we are clearly heading into a Solar Minimum and subsequent period of Global Cooling? Is our imminent entry into a period of Global Cooling naively ignored or Is geoengineering used for so called "Global Warming" merely a cover for alternative agendas? Even if the employment of aerosol geoengineering (using sulfates or nano-aluminum) to scatter solar radiation is strictly driven from an honest intent to offset CO2 induced climatic warming, will this backfire by accelerating the drop in climate temperatures as we make the transition from the end of our current Modern Warm Period into the following global cooling cause our present entry in a Solar Minima?
Either way, geoengineering is an area of extreme debate raising the primary question: Will this manipulation of a complex living organism, Earth, cause biospheric catastrophe?
How ionospheric heaters really work.
Global Weather Modification Assault Causing Climate Chaos And Environmental Catastrophe
“Look Up!” is a multiple award-winning environmental social action documentary by director George Barnes and narrated by William Baldwin. The film is the catalyst that, in conjunction with SkyderALERT, the mobile app, is shining the light on the environmental threat of climate engineering/manipulation.
HAARP (Gakona, Alaska) Effective Radiated Power: 5,000,000,000 Watts (5 Giga Watts)
United States Naval Research Laboratory
The High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program
HIPASS (30 miles NE of Fairbanks, Alaska)
Effective Radiated Power: 70,000,000 Watts (70 Mega Watts)
The HIPAS Observatory is operated by the UCLA plasma physics laboratory.
Tromso Ionospheric Heater (Ramfjordmoen, Near Tromsø, Norway)
Effective Radiated Power: 1,200,000,000 Watts (1200 MW)
Arecibo Observatory (Arecibo, Puerto Rico)
200,000,000 Watts (200 MW)
Sura Ionospheric Heating Facility (Vasilsursk, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia)
Effective Radiated Power: 190,000,000 Watts (190 MW)
Operated by the radiophysical research institute NIRFI in Nizhny Novgorod.
Shigaraki MU Observatory (Shigaraki, Japan)
The EISCAT Scientific Association in Northern Scandinavia operates three incoherent scatter radar systems, at 931 MHz, 224 MHz and 500 MHz. It is funded and operated by the research councils of Norway, Sweden, Finland, Japan, China, the United Kingdom and Germany (collectively, the EISCAT Associates.)
"The Radiation Poisoning Of America" by Amy Worthington
"What are the Biologic Effects of EMF?" by Dr. Jack Kruse, Neurosurgen & Optimal Health Educator.
Pall, Martin. L. (2013), "Electromagnetic fields act via activation of voltage-gated calcium channels to produce beneficial or adverse effects." Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, 17: 958–965. doi: 10.1111/jcmm.12088. Martin Paul is Professor Emeritus of Biochemistry and Basic Medical Sciences, Washington State University, Portland, OR, USA. This paper outlines the impact of electromagnetic radiation on biological organisms, and was given the honor of being posted on the "Global Medical Discovery" site as one of the top medical papers of 2013. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jcmm.12088/full
Solar Cycle 24 is but the first half of the 22-year solar duplex cycle called the "Hale Cycle." Solar Cycle 25, which is expected to start around 2018-2020 and to peak around 2023-2024, will create the second half of our new 22-year Hale Cycle.
Our previous solar cycle, #23, began in October of 1996. The climb from a sunspot minimum to a sunspot maximum takes approximately four years. The decline from maximum to minimum takes approximately seven years. A typical solar cycle is eleven years. The peak lasts from 2 to 4 years, The cycles are measured from minimum to minimum and range from 9 to 14 years.
The odd numbered cycles tend to be more intense than their preceding even numbered cycles, and the general trend of cycle amplitudes was increasing up to cycle #23. For this reason, many researchers thought that cycle #23 might have exceeded cycle 22, the third largest in recorded history, which peaked in 1989, and could have been larger than cycle #19, which was the largest in recorded history and which peaked in 1957-8, however, cycle #23 was not a record setter. Cycles 22 and 23 together created our previous 22-year Hale Cycle.
Also note that there is a difference between the rate of sunspots occurring and the intensity of any specific solar flare emerging from the sun.
Graph: Jan Alvestad / Data from Sunspot Index Data Center in Brussels
A solar cycle begins during the decline of the previous cycle. The minimum level of solar activity between cycles 22 and 23 occurred in May of 1996. Solar cycle # 23 began in 1996.
Graph: NOAA, Boulder, Colorado, USA
Let us also recognize that our sun (and our entire solar system), encapsulated in its protective womb (heliosphere), is traveling through a continually changing interstellar environment quite rapidly. (The sun speeds at approximately 8,200 miles per minute through interstellar space, currently toward a point in the heavens called the "Solar Apex" near the Vega star system. This does not imply our Sun's path is a straight line, it only indicates our Sun's current direction of movement.) Changes encountered in the interstellar environment (such as in its charge density) may also have a tremendous effect upon our entire star system and in the evolutionary changes in store for us. Strong evidence from the Russian Academy of Sciences (Dr. Alexey N. Dmitriev 1997) suggests our entire helioshpere, is being highly charged because of exactly this, effecting not only Earth, but all of the planets in our solar system, in an irreversible way. Dr. Dmitriev suggests that this is a primary cause of many of the physical changes we are experiencing such as in climate change, ozone distribution levels, and the occurrence of luminous atmospheric phenomena (rather than being caused by man’s environmental tampering). Thus, the effect of our current precessional transition may nest within greater interstellar changes as well. It is interesting to note that Dr. Dmitriev also states that there is probability that we may be moving into a rapid temperature instability period like the one that occurred about 10,000 years ago—curiously the time around Earth's last erect Precessional Cross, the 90° point in Earth's precessional cycle.
Are Sunspots Disappearing?
Since the longer "Solar Grand Maximum" cycle is over and we will be entering a "Solar Grand Minimum" over the decades ahead, we should start to se a decrease in solar cycle intensity; as well as the start of a global cooling—contrary to the global warming scare popularized in the media. Predications about solar cycle 24 seem to confirm this. Low solar activity has a profound effect on Earth’s atmosphere, allowing it to cool and contract.
The Sun's Great Conveyor Belt has slowed to a record-low crawl, according to research by NASA solar physicist David Hathaway. "It's off the bottom of the charts," he says. "This has important repercussions for future solar activity."
The Great Conveyor Belt is a massive circulating current of fire (hot plasma) within the Sun. It has two branches, north and south, each taking about 40 years to perform one complete circuit. Researchers believe the turning of the belt controls the sunspot cycle, and that's why the slowdown is important.
NASA's New Solar Dynamics Observatory Goes Live! The Sun as we've never seen it.
April 21, 2010. NASA's New Solar Dynamics Observatory is beaming back stunning new images of the sun, revealing our own star as never seen before. Warning, the images you are about to see could take your breath away. April 21, 2010 Press Release: First Light for the Solar Dynamics Observatory.
Solar Dynamics Observatory home page
A complete gallery of SDO's First Light images and data: SDO Gallery
Feb 19, 2010 - At the AGU Fall meeting, Sami K. Solanki of the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research announced that he believes the Sun is leaving its fifty to sixty year long grand maximum of the second half of the 20th century. He had said previously that the Sun was more active in the second half of the 20th century than in the previous 8,000 years.
Two-hour video of this AGU session:
"In 2009, cosmic ray intensities have increased 19% beyond anything we've seen in the past 50 years," says Richard Mewaldt of Caltech. " The cause of the surge is the solar minimum, a deep lull in solar activity that began around 2007 and continues today. Researchers have long known that cosmic rays go up when solar activity goes down. Cosmic Rays-NASA."
"The sun is in the pits of the deepest solar minimum in nearly a century. Weeks and sometimes whole months go by without even a single tiny sunspot. Are sunspots disappearing? Experts discuss the question in this September 2009 story: Disappearing Sunspots-NASA."
"The Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI) has done an excellent job of exposing a major cover-up at the EPA regarding a study on global warming because it conflicts with the agenda of the current administration and its Cap and Trade legislation." Global Cooling Full Story
There were no sunspots observed on 266 out of 366 days during 2008 (73%). To find a year with more blank suns, you have to go all the way back to 1913, which had 311 spotless days. Thus it was thought that 2008 was the low. However, sunspot counts for (early) 2009 have dropped even lower. As of March 31st, there were no sunspots on 78 of the year's 90 days (87%).
Full NASA article here: Deep Solar Minimum
SOHO (Solar and Heliosperic Observatory)
- a project of international cooperation between The European Space Agency (ESA) and NASA.
SIDC (Solar Influences Data Analysis Center). The SIDC is the solar physics research department of the Royal Observatory of Belgium. Its operational activities include the World Data Center for the sunspot index and the Regional Warning Center Belgium for space weather forecasting.
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